How Shall I Know?
The Blood Covenant
R' Richard Pustelniak
October 1, 1994

Basis of the Covenant (1st Step)
The Cutting of the Innocent Animals (2nd Step)
Coat Exchange (3rd Step)
Weapon Exchange (4th Step)
'Way' or 'Walk' of Blood (5th Step)
Covenant Cut (6th Step)
Name Exchange (7th Step)
Covenant Feast (8th Step)

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Warning: The truths contained in this teaching are not for the faint of heart, or the lukewarm! You can be sure that haSatan (the adversary) will do all he can to keep you from understanding and applying the concepts and truths contained herein, but it is our prayer that every one who receives these notes will carefully consider and apply the contents to their lives.

I. Introduction

bible iconThen He said to him, "I {am} the L-rd, who brought you out of Ur of the Chaldeans, to give you this land to inherit it." And he said, "L-rd G-d, how shall I know that I will inherit it?" So He said to him, "Bring Me a three-year-old heifer, a three-year-old female goat, a three-year-old ram, a turtledove, and a young pigeon." Then he brought all these to Him and cut them in two, down the middle, and placed each piece opposite the other; but he did not cut the birds in two. And when the vultures came down on the carcasses, Abram drove them away. Now when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and behold, horror {and} great darkness fell upon him...And it came to pass, when the sun went down and it was dark, that behold, there appeared a smoking oven and a burning torch that passed between those pieces. On the same day the L-rd made a covenant with Abram... (Gen 15:7-18)
A. Definition

A joining of 2 or more persons, families, clans, tribes, or nations, where the participants agree to do or refrain from doing certain acts.

B. Types
Patriarchal Covenant
The patriarchal form of covenant is a self-imposed obligation of a superior party, to the benefit of an inferior party. In this form, the terms the parties use to refer to each other are: father and son.


  • G-d's self-imposed obligation for the reconciliation of sinners to Himself
bible iconFor you {are} a holy people to the L-rd your G-d; the L-rd your G-d has chosen you to be a people for Himself, a special treasure above all the peoples on the face of the earth. The L-rd did not set His love on you nor choose you because you were more in number than any other people, for you were the least of all peoples; but because the L-rd loves you, and because He would keep the oath which He swore to your fathers, the L-rd has brought you out with a mighty hand, and redeemed you from the house of bondage, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt. (Deut 7:6-8)
  • G-d's covenant with David
bible iconI have made a covenant with My chosen, I have sworn to My servant David: "Your seed I will establish forever, and build up your throne to all generations." (Ps 89:3,4)
Vassal Covenant
The vassal form of covenant is a one-sided disposition imposed by a superior party upon an inferior party. In this form, the terms the parties use to refer to each other are: lord/master and servant/slave.


  • Mosaic covenant
bible iconWhen you have transgressed the covenant of the L-rd your G-d, which He commanded you, and have gone and served other gods, and bowed down to them, then the anger of the L-rd will burn against you, and you shall perish quickly from the good land which He has given you. (Josh 23:16)
Mutual Covenant
The mutual form of covenant is a two-sided agreement between two parties, both of which voluntarily accept the terms. In this form, the terms the parties use to refer to each other are: brother or friend.


  • Covenant between Jonathan and David
bible iconThen Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul. (1Sam 18:3)
  • Modern marriage is also an example of this type.
1 All Scripture references are from the New King James version, unless otherwise specified.

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